Textile Industry in Kenya
Textile Industry in Kenya and apparel sector has the potential to play a key role in anchoring the country’s deeper movement into the middle-income status and in serving as a source of gainful employment for its fast-growing, young population.
The industry offers opportunities for increased value capture and streamlined trade logistics, and for the building of skills and experience from the factory floor to management level. It serves as a potential gateway to other manufactured goods, offering opportunities for Kenya to capture an increasing share of global trade and to advance economic diversification.
With the opportunities that textile-apparel presents in and of itself as an economic sector and as a potential springboard to further advancement into manufacturing – played a substantial role in underpinning the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA). AGOA gives most Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) firms duty-free, quota-free access to the United States, offering a substantial competitive advantage over other textile-apparel exporting countries. Therefore, the trade agreement has played a pivotal role in the growth of the continent’s textile-apparel sectors.
After 15 years of the launch of AGOA and shortly after its renewal, Sub-Saharan Africa’s trade with the US remains dominated by natural resources. While some manufactured goods feature in the top ten exports from AGOA countries, these are almost wholly from South Africa. Knit and nonknit apparel exports rank 27th and 33rd, respectively, in the value of AGOA countries’ exports, with AGOA countries amounting to under 1 percent of total global apparel trade.
Textile Industry in Kenya
Textile Industry in Kenya Core Values
♦ Customer focus:
We are committed to upholding the highest standard in the delivery of our services to all customers;
Integrity: we are committed to acting in an honest impartial, fair and transparent manner and being devoid of corruption practices while delivering our services;
We will deliberately nurture team spirit, collaboration, consultation and adopt a participatory approach in discharging our mandate;
We will maintain a high level of professionalism through continuous competency development;
Creativity and innovativeness:
We will continuously seek innovative methods of delivering our services;
Efficiency and effectiveness:
We will be guided by operational, rationalization and cost-saving measures;
We will mainstream government policies on gender, the physically challenged, and HIV/AIDS and treat all employees fairly.
Commitment to Environmental Sustainability:
We shall be committed to ensuring sustainable industrial and enterprise development process which protects the environment.
We shall uphold the National Values as outlined in Article 10 of the Kenya Constitution.
Textile Industry in Kenya Structure of the Textile Sector
Kenya has 52 textile mills, of which only 15 are currently operational and they operate at less than 45 percent of total capacity.10 The existing mills operate using outdated technology and suffer from low levels of skilled labor and low productivity.
The cost of electricity is a major cost driver for textile mills, as are the high maintenance and overhead costs due to old equipment. A further cost driver is the need to either use high-cost imported material or low-quality local fiber which requires additional processing.
Textile Industry in Kenya Structure of the Apparel Sector
Thousands of apparel companies operate in Kenya. Approximately 170 are medium and large, while upwards of 74,000 are small and micro-companies.12 Twenty-one companies operate in the EPZ, employing an average of 1,800 people per company.
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While the cost structure of apparel companies varies significantly by firm size, for the larger
companies, the high cost of imported material (which is a fixed cost due to the absence of export quality fabric in Kenya) contributes to the majority of the manufacturing cost (approximately 64 percent).
Overheads also account for a significant portion of costs, at 21 percent. The only aspects of production where cost and quality can be managed to improve competitiveness are labor, electricity, and overheads. Figure 8 shows the composition of costs in terms of producing a standard t-shirt in Kenya.
Textile Industry in Kenya Sector Stakeholders and Value Chain
Major inputs include cotton fiber (both local and from Uganda/Tanzania); man-made fiber; dyes; utilities such as water, electricity, and fuel; machinery; and skilled labor.
The yarn spinning companies have a capacity of 140,000 spindles in total, with only 40-50 percent currently being utilized. There are few stand-alone yarn spinning mills which produce cotton yarns, blended yarn, as well as polyester, acrylic and sewing threads. Yarn output is sold in Kenya and exported to Uganda, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Nigeria. Only 15 of the 52 yarn mills are operational.
Weaving and knitting:
There are some semi-integrated mills, which cover the entire production value chain from spinning to knitting, dyeing, and finishing. Two semi-integrated mills are oriented to knitting and four to weaving. Stand-alone knitting and weaving companies import yarns from India, Indonesia, China, and Taiwan but also utilize 80-90 percent of domestic yarns. The 15 mills that are in the weaving, knitting, and finishing business see a capacity utilization of 40-50 percent.
Dyeing and finishing:
There are no standalone dyeing and finishing plants and services; this part of the production value chain is deeply integrated with textile mills.
Design and sewing:
This segment consists of non-EPZ firms (small/micro as well as medium and large apparel companies) and firms inside the EPZs, which are divided into foreign investment firms, accessory producers, and local micro-firms located in the Export Business Accelerator (EBA). These firms work at 100 percent capacity utilization, and around 93 percent of their fabric supply is imported from China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, India, and Pakistan, as are the trims, machinery, and spare parts utilized in apparel production. There are significantly more apparel companies than textile manufacturers—170 medium and large companies, 74,576 small and micro companies, 22 foreign firms, and 9 accessory producers.
A hundred percent of EPZ output gets exported, mostly to the U.S. Around 15 companies outside the EPZ export globally. The rest supply the local market with products for local hotels, conference materials, home décor, and tourism. The local market is also supplied by finished products from the second hand (mitumba) market and from smuggled goods. Exported apparel are retailed through mass merchandise chains, factory outlets, and mall orders, which then filter to department stores or specialty boutiques.
Cross-cutting support services:
The sector is under the auspices of the Ministry of Industrialization and Enterprise Development which sets its strategic direction. There are many apex associations such as the Kenya National Chamber of Commerce and Industry (KNCCI) and Kenya Association of Manufacturers (KAM), as well as industry-specific associations such as the Cotton Growers Association, and Association of Fashion Designers, Handloom Weavers Marketing
List of Textile Companies in Kenya
A comprehensive list of all textile companies in Kenya, their addresses (postal and physical), contacts (telephone and e-mail) and a link to the textile industry in Kenya websites.
Kenya has 52 textile mills, of which only 15 are currently operational and operate at less
than 45 percent of total capacity. Electricity and the high-cost of imported fibers are the
major cost drivers of these firms. Despite the dominance of cotton products in Kenya’s
exports, cotton is imported to meet Kenya’s quantity and quality demands.
The apparel sector in Kenya has a three-tiered structure: in the EPZ, there are 21 large
companies, and outside the EPZ there are 170 medium and large companies and more than 70,000 micro and small ones. Raw materials and overheads are the main cost drivers of
Oriental Mills Ltd
Oriental Mill provides expert manufacturing end products for decorative and essential clothing accessories for proper tailoring and garment repairs. Availed stocks include Printed Labels, Shock Cords, Elastics Cords, Webbings, Tapes, Eyelets, Zippers, Rib stop, PVC garment-fabrics and Canvas for Tents.
Zig Zag Furnishings is a Textile and Fabrics Company in Nairobi Kenya. Zig Zag Furnishings is a Must-See, Kenya Fabric supplier, full of character and most amazing finds which include Curtains, Upholstery, Cushions, Cushion Covers, Bedsheets(Beddings), Duvets, Duvets Covers, Pillows, Pillowcases, Towels, Curtain Accessories and Table Linen.
Riera-Tex Ltd, based in Nairobi Kenya manufactures quality uniforms. Riera-Tex Ltd affordable and convenient services include regular and bulk stock supply and manufacturing services and branding to suit all uniform requirements. This includes a variety of uniform colors plus branding options like embroidery stitching and screen-printing.
Alliance Garment Industries Ltd
Alliance Garment Industries Ltd are the leading Manufacturers, Exporters, Wholesalers and Suppliers Of Coveralls, Dust Coats, Mosquito Nets, Polo Shirts, promotional wears, School Uniforms, Shorts, staff uniforms, Tracksuits, Trousers, T-shirts, Custom Uniforms, Garment Textile, Branded Uniforms, Garment Manufacturing, Cloth Textile, Fabric, Staff Uniforms, Safety Clothing and Accessories
New Utiithi Upholstery
We are specialists in Aircraft Upholstery, Car Upholstery, Fixed Covers, Loose Covers, Floor Carpets, Roofing, Tyre Covers, Side Covers, Panel Covers, Dash Board Fixed Covers, Wall Carpet Fitting, Canvas Covers, New Sofa Sets & Repairs, Wind Shield Covers, Wind Sock Covers & Bonnet Covers based in Nairobi, Kenya.
Sai Sports Wear & Uniforms Ltd
Sai Sports Wear & Uniforms Ltd (SSWU) is a renowned and well-reputed manufacturer and distributor of sporting goods located in Nairobi, Kenya. We manufacture world-class quality sporting goods and equipment ranging from footwear, sports uniforms, staff uniforms to school uniforms among others. ‘Sai’ as a brand is a long-established market participant in the sporting industry and is synonymous with promotion of innovation and excellence, not only in Kenya but the entire East African region.
TEXTILE AND CLOTHING INDUSTRY-LEADING MANUFACTURING IN KENYA
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